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Genealogy Resources

World Genealogy

United Kingdom

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; Great Britain includes England, Scotland, and Wales

United Kingdom

  • 1911 Census. The 1911 census is a record of everyone who lived in England and Wales in 1911. It provides a unique snapshot of the lives of your ancestors. 1911census.co.uk brings this vast resource to you online, so that you can search the census simply and quickly to discover how your family lived in the past. 1911census.co.uk is the official census website, in association with The National Archives.

  • 1939 National Identity Card (UK). Created under the The National Registration Act 1939, the 1939 Register for England and Wales was originally the responsibility of the Registrar General who, under the 1939 Act created a register of the civilian population.

  • Ancestry.com. Subscription to Ancestry's United Kingdom Collection.

  • Anderson, Robert Charles. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633. Boston, Massachusetts: New England Genealogical Society, 1995-
     
  • Barrow, Geoffrey B. The Genealogist's Guide: An Index in Printed British Pedigrees and Family Histories 1950-1975. London: Research Publishing Company, 1977.

  • Bateman, John. The Great Landowners of Great Britain and Ireland: A List of All Owners of Three Thousand Acres and Upwards, worth £3,000 a Year; also, one thousand three hundred owners of Two Thousand Acres and Upwards, in England, Scotland, Ireland, & Wales, Their Acreage and Income from Land, culled from The Modern Domesday Book; Also their Colleges, Clubs, and Services. 4th edition. CD ROM reprint by Eneclann, Ltd, 2007.
     
  • Bevan, Amanda. Tracing Your Ancestors in the National Archives: The Website and Beyond. 7th edition. Kew, UK: The National Archives, 2006. Accessing the material at the National Archives.
     
  • The British Library.
     
  • British Library Newspaper Library. The national archive collections in the United Kingdom of British and overseas newspapers.

  • British Newspaper Archive. The British Newspaper Archive is a partnership between the British Library and brightsolid online publishing to digitize up to 40 million newspaper pages from the British Library's vast collection over the next 10 years. Search millions of articles by keyword, name, location, date or title and watch your results appear in an instant.
     
  • British Origins. British Origins offers access to the most authentic English genealogy collections online, including unique English ancestor records and maps of England and Wales, featuring England and Wales Gazetteer maps, Boyd's marriage records, burial records, court depositions, 1871 Census, apprenticeship records, wills PLUS the 1841 England and Wales Census - exclusive to British Origins: all accessible via a free British and English name search and UK place search.

  • Burke, Bernard. A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire. Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co, 1978. This work sets forth, alphabetically, the lineage of each of the nearly 2,000 British noble houses that had succumbed to extinction up to 1883. In preparing the volume, author John Bernard Burke examined public and private records, heralds' visitations, Post Mortem Inquisitions, Patent Rolls, Lords' Entries, funeral certificates, and printed books, among them the works of Dugdale, Douglas, Lodge, and Nicholas. Each article begins with the exact date of the patent's creation and proceeds to the lineage, which commences with the first known representative of the line and carries through successive generations up to the time of the extinction of the title. The text refers to 40,000 persons in all.
     
  • Camp, Anthony. Royal Mistresses and Bastards: Fact and Fiction, 1714-1936. London: Privately printed, 2007. this volume covers the topic in question from the time of George I through Edward Vii. It contains a surname and title index, as well as an extensive bibliography.
     
  • Chambers, Paul. Medieval Genealogy: How to Find Your Medieval Ancestors. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 2005.
     
  • Colwell, Stella. Family Roots: Discovering the Past in the Public Record Office. Rutland, Vermont: Charles E. Tuttle Co., 1991.
     
  • Commonwealth War Graves Commission - 1,700,000 men and women of the Commonwealth forces died in the two World Wards. Of these, remains of 925,000 were found and their graves are marked by a headstone. Where the remains were not found, the casualty's name is commemorated on a memorial. The war graves in some 150 different counties; mostly in 2,500 war cemeteries and plots by the commission. After the Second World War, a record of the Civilian War Dead was also established.
     
  • Cox, Jane, and Timothy Padfield. Tracing Your Ancestors in the Public Record Office. 5th edition by Amanda Bevan. Kew, England: Public Records Office Handbooks no. 19, 1999.
     
  • Dawson, Giles E., and Laetitia Kennedy-Skipton. Elizabethan Handwriting: 150--1650: A Guide to the Reading of Documents and Manuscripts. New York: W. W. Norton, 1966.

  • Deceased Online. The central database for UK burials and cremations.
     
  • 1841 UK Census - The entire 1841 censuses for England, Wales, Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. Fee.

  • Fairbairn, James, compiler. Fairbairn's Book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1983.
     
  • Family History: Get Started. The site features various case studies, solid advice and many interesting links for genealogists. Arose from BBC series "Who Do You Think You Are?"
     
  • Family Records Online. Lists the births, marriages, and deaths of Britons abroad from 1761 to the present from Familyrelatives.org. There are deaths in foreign conflicts, as well as the births and marriages registered across the British Empire or in British consulates.

  • Filby, P. William. American & British Genealogy and Heraldry: A Selected List of Books. Chicago, Illinois: American Library Association, 1975.
     
  • Fitzhugh, Terrick V.H. The Dictionary of Genealogy. 5th edition. London: A & C Black, 1998.
     
  • The Francis Frith Collection. The collection is a service provided by Britain's largest purveyor of photographic images, mostly photographs of British places, including England, Wales, Northern Ireland, and Scotland.

  • FreeBMD. FreeBMD is an ongoing project, the aim of which is to transcribe the Civil Registration index of births, marriages and deaths for England and Wales, and to provide free Internet access to the transcribed records. It is a part of the FreeUKGEN family, which also includes FreeCEN (Census data) and FreeREG (Parish Registers).
     
  • Friar, Stephen. The Local History Companion. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 2001.
     
  • Genuki - A large collection of genealogical information pages for England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, The Channel Islands, and the Isle of man.
     
  • Glazier, Ira A., editor. Emigration from the United Kingdom to America: Lists of Passengers Arriving at U.S. Ports. 2 volumes. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 2006. Vol. 1, January 1870-June 1870. Vol. 2, July 1870-December 1870.
     
  • Guardian and Observer Digital Archive -- UK National Newspapers. This archive will eventually contain the digital reproduction of every page, article and advert published in the Guardian (since 1821) and the Observer (since 1791 – the oldest Sunday paper in the world). For this launch the archive covers the period of 1821-1975 for the Guardian and 1900-1975 for the Observer as we are still working on digitizing the remaining material. From early 2008 onwards the entire archive up to 2003 will be available – more than 1.2m pages covering all major historic events over 212 years as reported at the time.
     
  • Herber, Mark D. Ancestral Trails: The Complete Guide to British Genealogy and Family History. Stroud, England: Sutton Publishing, in association with the Society of Genealogists, 1997; Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1998.
     
  • Herber, Mark D. Ancestral Trails: The Complete Guide to British Genealogy and Family History. 2nd edition. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2006.
     
  • Hey, David. The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History. Oxford University Press, 1996.

  • Historical Directories. Historical Directories is a digital library of local and trade directories for England and Wales, from 1750 to 1919. It contains high quality reproductions of comparatively rare books, essential tools for research into local and genealogical history.  Search by year or keyword. Originated and maintained by the University of Leicester.
     
  • Humphery-Smith, Cecil R. The Phillimore Atlas and Index of Parish Registers. 34d edition. Chicester, West Sussex, UK: Phillimore, 2003.

  • Internet Library of Early Journals: A Digital Library of 18th and 19th Century Journals are online, covering roughly 1750-1850. Three 18th-century journals: Gentleman's Magazine The Annual Register Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.  Three 19th-century journals: Notes and Queries The Builder Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine.
     
  • King, Echo. Finding Answers in British Isles Census Records. Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2007. Presumes to instruct beginning genealogists about searching census records in England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland.

  • Last Chance to Read (1710-1870). A subscription site, but it’s free to search and view snippets. The collection is unusual enough to warrant including. About 100 papers, including The British Spy, Figaro and the London Evening Post.

  • Leeson, Francis L. Directory of British Peerages: From the Earliest Times to the Present Day. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1985.
     
  • London Gazette. The official newspaper of record in the United Kingdom. Includes legal notices, including insolvency notices, required by law to be published in London. Available online from 1900.
     
  • Martin, Charles Trice. The Record Interpreter: A Collection of Abbreviations, Latin Words, and Names Used in English Historical Manuscripts and Records. 1892. reprinted, Sussex, England: Phillimore and Co., 1982.
     
  • Milner, Paul. David V. Dexter, compiler. The British Genealogist's Library: Review Written by Paul Milner. Richmond, Illinois: BIGWILL, 2006. Most of the reviews deal with research in England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland.
     
  • Milner, Paul. "British Isles Research: A Guide to Sources, Part 1: England." Association of Professional Genealogists Quarterly (March 2008): 39-43.
     
  • Milner, Paul and Linda Jonas. A Genealogist's Guide to Discovering Your English Ancestors: How to Find and Record Your Unique Heritage. Cincinnati: Betterway Books, 2000. This is the best available resource for researchers wanting an in-depth examination of the fundamental records of civil registration, census, parish registers and probate.
     
  • Mirrorpix Digital Archive (The Daily Mirror -- London). Mirror Archive is a new website from The Daily Mirror that allows you to find stories from our archives - dating all the way back to 1903 and the beginning of the 20th Century. Subscription site.
     
  • National Archives. Records of the Kingdom from Domesday to the present.
     
  • 1911 Census of England and Wales.

  • NCSE: Nineteenth Century Serials Edition A recent and important addition to online archives, the NCSE collection covers most of the 19th century. Its newspaper and magazine sources include Monthly Repository (1806-1837) and Unitarian Chronicle (1832-1833), Northern Star (1838-1852), Leader (1850-1860), English Woman’s Journal (1858-1864), Tomahawk (1867-1870). and Publishers’ Circular (1880-1890).
     
  • Old Mersey Times. Discover English ancestors from Liverpool and Merseyside in this site's transcriptions, vital records and passenger lists.
     
  • The Original Record. Search rare and obscure sources from Britain and its colonies which have been indexed by surname. The search results are linked to scans of the original document which are available for download on a pay-per-view basis.
     
  • Origins.net. Provides searches of census and other data for Irish, British, and Scottish genealogical research.
  • Palmer's Index to the Times (London), 1790-1905. Vadus Kraus Reprint Ltd.

  • Pelling, George. Beginning Your Family Tree in Great Britain. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1989.
     
  • Phillimore & Co.
     
  • Raymond, Stuart A., compiler. The Family Historian's Pocket Dictionary. Federation of Family History Societies, 2003.
     
  • Researching Ancestors from the United Kingdom. by Mark Howells, LDS Family History Centers.
     
  • Richardson, John. The Local Historian's Encyclopedia. 3rd edition. London: Historical Publications, 2003.
     
  • Rogers, Colin D. The Family Tree Detective: Tracing Your Ancestors in England and Wales. 3rd edition. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 1997.
     
  • Society of Genealogists (SoG). Maintains the largest, most complete library of genealogical materials in the United Kingdom. Non-members must pay a time based search fee.

  • The Soldier in Later Medieval England. An integrated database of soldiers who fought for the English crown in the second and third phases of the Hundred Years War.  The focus of the research is on the design, creation, population and then analysis of a relational database. 
     
  • Sutton Publishing.
     
  • Thomson, Theodore R. A Catalogue of British Family Histories. 3rd edition, with addenda. Society of Genealogists, 1980.
     
  • UK and Ireland Genealogical Information Service
     
  • United Kingdom and Ireland Websites. RootsWeb.

  • UK Gazettes offer 350 years of official government notices from London, Belfast and Edinburgh. The Advanced Search feature allows you to select historical events, such as World War I or II, the Great Fire of London (1666),  the  Death of Napoleon (1821), and famous battles from Trafalgar (1805) to the Falklands (1982). Full-text searching and PDF results.
     
  • UK Genealogy. Portal to UK genealogy.

  • UK Newspaper Archives. An alternative write-up at Quezi.com of many of the sources presented here.
     
  • UK National Archives 1901 Census.
     
  • United Kingdom Public Records.

  • Villanova University Digital Library. Newspapers, periodicals, and serials from the collection of Joseph McGarrity. A number of Irish and Irish-American publications here, including Irish Press (1918-22), Irish Tribune (1848), and the Irish Felon (1848). Some non-Irish materials as well.
     
  • Useful Dates in British History for the Local Historian or Genealogist
     
  • Weaver, Jack W. and DeeGee Lester. Immigrants from Great Britain and Ireland: A Guide to Archival and Manuscript Sources in North America. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1986.

  • White, Emma Siggins, Mrs. Genesis of the White Family, a Connected Record of the White Family Beginning in 900 at the Time of Its Welsh Origin when the Name was Synn, and Tracing the Family into Ireland and England. Several of the Names Entered England with the Norman Conqueror. Representatives of the English Branch Emigrated to america in 1638. The Scotts of Scot's Hall in the County of Kent, England. One of the Oldest Recorded Families, their Traditionary History Beginning in Ireland about 300 B.C. The Authenticated Record Herein Given Dates Back to 400 A.D. Emigration to America was in 1740. Their Descendants are to be Found in Every State of the Union. Supplemental Records, Biographical Sketches and Coats of Arms of Nearly Seventy Allied Families. Kansas City, Missouri: Tiernan-Dart Printing Co., 1920.
     
  • Whitmore, John B. A Genealogical Guide: An Index to British Pedigree in Continuation of Marshall's Genealogist's Guide (with final addenda, 1903). Published as Harleian Society volumes 99, 101, 102 and 104, also by the Society of Genealogists of London in 1953.

  • Yesterday's Journey. Documents of Removal or Settlement. Although it is mainly Derbyshire based, it now contains thousands of names of persons and places outside the County, as people moved into and out of Derbyshire.

England

  • Bardsley, Charles Waring Endell. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1980.

  • Beginning Genealogical Research for England and Wales. By Mark Howells.

  • Burke, Arthur Meredyth. Key to the Ancient Parish Registers of England & Wales. Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield, 1989, 1908.

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. The Complete Book of Emigrants: A Comprehensive Listing Compiled from English Public Records of those who took Ship to the Americas for Political, Religious, and Economic Reasons; of Those Who Were Deported for Vagrancy, Roguery, or Non-conformity; and of those who were Sold to Labour in the New Colonies. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1993.
     
  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. Lord Mayor's Court of London: Depositions Relating to Americans, 1641-1736. Washington, D.C.: National Genealogical Society, 1980. Depositions providing unpublished information regarding American colonials or Englishmen having business interests in America. Extensive footnotes provide supplementary data. Index.
     
  • Currie, C.R.J. and C.P. Lewis. A Guide to English County Histories. Stroud, Bloucestershire, UK: Sutton Publishing, 1994.
     
  • Family Relatives. The website is dedicated to the research of forebears from England & Wales. The site includes all known Civil Registration Index images from 1837 to 2003. Also there is a fully searchable database for Births, Marriages and Deaths from 1866 to 1920 as well as 1984 to 2003 – over 73 years in all.
     
  • FamilySearch. Has a transcription of the 1881 English and Welsh Census.
     
  • Federal Records Center (FRC). Is jointly run by the General Records Office (GRO) and The National Archives (TNA). It maintains the index books for the civil registrations of England and Wales.
     
  • FreeCEN. Indexed transcriptions of the 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871 and 1891 English and Welsh Censuses.
     
  • The Guildhall Library. Specializes in the history of London.
     
  • Hitching, Frank K. and S. Hitching. References to English Surnames in 1601 and 1602. Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield Company, 1910, 2005 reprint.
     
  • Humphery-Smith, Cecil, ed. The Phillimore Atlas and Index of Parish Registers. Rev. edition. Sussex, England: Phillimore and Co., 1995.
     
  • Irvine, Sherry. Your English Ancestry: A Guide for North Americans. Revised edtion. Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry, 1998.

  • Konrad, J. English Family Research. Munroe Falls, Ohio: Summit Publications, 1984.
     
  • London Metropolitan Archives. Is a complement to the Guildhall Library. Its collection includes many governmental records.
     
  • Martin, Charles Trice. The Record Interpreter: A Collection of Abbreviations, Latin Words and Names Used in English Historical Manuscripts and Records. 2nd edition. Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield Company, Inc., 2007, 1910.
     
  • Milner, Paul and Linda Jonas. A Genealogist's Guide to Discovering Your English Ancestors: How to Find and Record Your Unique Heritage. Cincinnati, Ohio: Betterway Books, 2000.
     
  • Moulton, Joy Wade. Genealogical Resources in English Repositories. Columbus, Ohio: Hampton House, 1988. Also available from Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, with supplements for 1992 and 1996.
     
  • The National Archives (TNA). Was formed in April of 2004 when the former Public Records Office (PRO) and the Historical Manuscripts Commission (HMC) merged. The millions of items have been merged into a single catalog.

  • The Proceedings of Old Bailey: London's Central Criminal Court, 1674-1913. Published by HRI Online Publications, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, United Kingdom. A fully searchable edition of the largest body of texts detailing the lives of non-elite people ever published, containing 197,745 criminal trials held at London's central criminal court.
     
  • Reid, Judith Prowse, and Simon Fowler. Genealogical Research in England's Public Record Office: A Guide for North Americans. 2d edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2000.
     
  • Rogers, Colin D. The Family Tree Detective: A Manual for Analysing and Solving Genealogical Problems in England and Wales, 1538 to the Present Day. Manchester?: Manchester University Press, 1983.

  • Rogers, Colin Darlington. Tracing Your English Ancestors: A Manual for Analysing and Solving Genealogical Problems in England Wales, 1538 to the Present. Manchester, England: Manchester University Press, 1989.

  • The Soldier in Later Medieval England. An integrated database of soldiers who fought for the English crown in the second and third phases of the Hundred Years War.  The focus of the research is on the design, creation, population and then analysis of a relational database. 
     
  • Wagner, Anthony Richard, Sir. English Genealogy. 3d edition. Sussex, England: Phillimore, 1983.

Northern Ireland     See also Ireland

Scotland

  • The Aberdeen & North-East Scotland Family History Society.  Exists to assist and promote the study of genealogy and family history based on the North East corner of Scotland.

  • Adam, Frank (revised by Sir Thomas Innes of Learney). The Clans, Septs, and Regiments of the Scottish Highlands. 1908; with the eighth edition published in 1970; reprinted numerous times by Clearfield Publishing Company.
     
  • AncestralScotland.com. An initiative by VisitScotland, Scotland's National Tourist Board, to help you have the ultimate ancestral experience. Wales

  • Bigwood, Rosemary. The Scottish Family Tree Detective: Tracing Your Ancestors in Scotland. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2006. Best book for Scottish research.

  • Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland: Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946; eleventh reprinting, 1996.

  • Bloxham, V. Ben. Key to the Parochial Registers of Scotland from the Earliest Times through 1854. Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University, 1970; reprint, Provo, Utah: Stevenson's Genealogical Center, 1979. Lists each parish with its parish number, county, and beginning and ending dates for the birth, marriage, and death registers.

  • Campbell, R.G. Scotch-Irish Family Research Made Simple. Munroe Falls, Ohio: Summit Publications, 1982.

  • Campey, Lucille H. After the Hector: The Scottish Pioneers of Nova Scotia and Cape Breton, 1773-1852. Toronto: Natural Heritage Books, 2007. The arrival of the 'Hector' in 1773, with nearly 200 Scottish passengers, sparked a huge influx of Scots to Nova Scotia and Cape Breton. This title offers a documented and detailed account of one of the greatest early migrations of Scots to North America.

  • Clans -- In the Highlands and western islands of Scotland, the many tribes broke up into smaller family groups or "clans" (from the Gaelic word for children), and many of the clan surnames were prefixed with "Mac" or "Mc" (son of). What makes a family a clan is that is has a chief and clan territory.  In some cases, families changed their surnames to that of a clan chief. In other cases, the family kept its own name, but was considered a "sept" (associated family) of the clan. After the defeat of the Jacobite rebellion led by "Bonnie Prince Charlie" at the Battle of Culloden in 1746, the British Government attempted to destroy the clan system.  The estates of rebel chiefs were confiscated, Highland dress prohibited, and carrying weapons forbidden. A law was also passed removing the right of clan chiefs to hold courts of law. Many clansmen and women emigrated. (Information from Stewart, Alan. "The Clans of the Scottish Highlands." Internet Genealogy 5, 6 (February/March 2011): 29-32.) The largest Highland clans and their websites:
  • Concise Scots Dictionary. Scottish National Dictionary Association, 1985; reprint, Edinburgh: Polygon, 1999.
     
  • Cory, Kathleen B. and Leslie Hodgson.  Tracing Your Scottish Ancestry. 3rd edition. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2004.

  • Dobson, David. Directory of Scots Banished to the American Plantations, 1650-1775. Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co, 1983.
     
  • Dobson, David. Directory of Scottish Settlers in North America, 1625-1825. Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co, 1984.

  • Dobson, David. Directory of Scots in the Carolinas - 1680-1830. Volume 2. Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield Company, 2004.

  • Dobson, David. Scottish Genealogy Research. Baltimore: Genealogical Pub Co, 2011. David Dobson brings his expertise to bear in a shrewd distillation of facts about Scottish genealogical research. Because there are so many people of Scottish descent worldwide, he uses emigration history as a jumping off point, from there proceeding to tackle the immense body of unique Scottish records which includes Old Parish Records of the Church of Scotland; post-1854 statutory records of births, marriages, and deaths; and census returns from 1841 to 1901. These may be the best four pages you'll ever read on Scottish genealogy, and you can read them at a glance and with absolute confidence that your research is pointed in the right direction.
     
  • Dobson, David. Later Scots-Irish Links, 1725-1825. Part 2. Baltimore, Maryland, Clearfield Company, 2005 reprint.
     
  • Dobson, David. More Scottish Settlers, 1667-1827. Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield Company, Inc., 2007, 2005.

  • Dobson, David. The Original Scots Colonists of Early America, 1612-1783. Baltimore, Md: Genealogical Pub. Co, 1989.

  • Dobson, David. Scotland During the Plantation of Ulster: The People of Ayrshire 1600-1699. Baltimore, MD: Clearfield Co., Inc., 2008.
     
  • Dobson, David. Scots-Irish Links 1575-1725. Part 4. Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield Company, 2004 reprint.

  • Dobson, David. Scots-Irish Links 1575-1725. Part 7. Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield Co., Inc., 2008.
     
  • Dobson, David. The Scottish Surnames of Colonial America.  Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield Company, Inc., 2007, 2003.

  • Dobson, David. Searching for Scotch-Irish Roots in Scottish Records, 1600-1750. Baltimore, Md: Clearfield, 2007.
     
  • Electric Scotland Guide to Scottish and Irish clans, families, tartans and history of the Gaels.

  • Ferguson, Joan P.S. Scottish Family Histories. Edinburgh: National Library of Scotland, 1986.
     
  • General Register Office at Scotland. Computerized birth, death, and marriage indexes.

  • Haywood, John. Atlas of the Celtic World. New York: Thames & Hudson, 2001.

  • Holton, Graham S. My Ain Folk: An Easy Guide to Scottish Family History. East Linton, Scotland: Tuckwell Press, 1997.

  • Humphrey-Smith, Cecil. The Phillimore Atlas of Parish Registers. 3d edition. Chichester, West Sussex: Phillimore, 2003. Shows the parishes as they existed in 1832.

  • Innes of Learney, Thomas. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland. Edinburgh: Johnston and Bacon, 1938 and many subsequent editions..

  • Irvine, James M. Trace Your Orkney Ancestors: A Guide to Sources for the Orcadian Family and Local History. Ashtead, Surrey: The author, 2004.
     
  • Irvine, Sherry. Scottish Ancestry: Research Methods for Family Historians. Revised 2nd edition. Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2003. Designed for North Americans.
     
  • Irvine, Sherry. Your Scottish Ancestry: A Guide for North Americans. Salt Lake City, Utah: Ancestry, 1997.
     
  • Jonas, Linda and Paul Millar. A Genealogist's Guide to Discovering Your Scottish Ancestors: How to Find and Record Your Unique Heritage. Cincinnati, Ohio: Betterway Books, 2002. An in-depth examination of the fundamental records of civil registration, census, church, land, and probate records.

  • Lewis, Samuel. A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland. 2nd edition. 1851p reprinted on numerous occasions, Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Company.

  • Maxwell, Ian. Tracing Your Scottish Ancestors: A Guide for Family Historians. Barnsley: Pen & Sword Family History, 2009.
     
  • McAndrew, Bruce A. Scotland's Historic Heraldry. Rochester, New York: Boydell & Brewer, 2007.
     
  • Millett, Stephen M. The Scottish Settlers of America, The 17th and 18th Centuries. Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield Co., 1998 reprint.

  • Moncreiffe of that Ilk, Iain, and David Hicks. The Highland Clans; The Dynastic Origins, Chiefs and Background of the Clans Connected with Highland History and of Some Other Families. New York: C. N. Potter, 1967 and subsequent editions.
     
  • Moody, David. Scottish Local History. London: B.T. Batsford, 1986.
     
  • National Archives of Scotland. Its mission is to select, preserve, and make available the national archives of Scotland in whatever medium, to the highest standards; to promote the growth and maintenance of proper archive provision throughout the country; and to lead the development of archival practice in Scotland.

  • National Archives of Scotland. Tracing Your Scottish Ancestors: The Official Guide--A Guide to Ancestry Research in the National Archives of Scotland. 4th Rev. Ed. Edinburgh: Mercat Press, 2007.
     
  • ScotClans. A guide to the Clans and Tartans of Scotland. From Scottish Clan Information to Clan Merchandise. Handmade Kilts, Highland Outfits - everything a true Scot needs.
     
  • ScotlandsPeople. The official government source of genealogical data for Scotland.
     
  • The Scotsman Digital Archive. The history of The Scotsman, first published in Edinburgh in 1817, is featured at this subscription site.
     
  • Scottish Censuses (1841-1901)

  • Scottish Immigrants to North America, 1600s-1800s. the Collected Works of David Dobson. Genealogical Pub Co, 2008.
     
  • Sinclair, Cecil. Tracing Scottish Local History: A Guide to Local History Research in the Scottish Record Office. Edinburgh: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1994; reprint with amendments, 1996.
     
  • Sinclair, Cecil. Tracing Your Ancestors in the Scottish Record Office. Edinburgh: Her Majesty's Stationery Office, 1990.
     
  • Smout, T. C. A Century of Scottish People, 1830-1950. 1986; reprinted, London: Fontana Press, 1987.
     
  • Smout, T. C. A History of the Scottish People, 1560-1830. 1969; reprinted, London: Fontana Press, 1989.

  • Statistical Accounts of Scotland. The First (1790s) and Second (1830s).

  • Stewart, Alan. Gathering of the Clans: Tracing Scottish Ancestry on the Internet. Chichester, West Sussex: Phillimore, 2004.

  • Stewart, Alan. "The Clans of the Scottish Highlands." Internet Genealogy 5,6 (February/March 2011): 29-32.

  • Stuart, Margaret. Scottish Family History: A Guide to Works of Reference on the History of Genealogy of Scottish Families. 1930; reprinted numerous times, Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Company.
     
  • TalkingScot. Fully moderated discussion group. The website includes the Forum, where you can talk to other members, a photo gallery of the splendors of Scotland, an expert page that lists those who offer professional services, Family History Societies, resources, and libraries, as well as registration districts and a concise explanation of the census in Scotland.
     
  • Tracing Your Scottish Ancestry. A collection of resources designed to assist those wishing to trace their Scottish Ancestry.

  • Way, George, of Plean and Romilly Squire. Collins Scottish Clan and Family Encyclopedia. Glasgow: HarperCollins Publishers, 1994.

  • Way, George. Scottish Clan [and] Family Encyclopedia. Glasgow: Harper Collins, 1998.

  • Wilson, John, Rev. The Gazetteer of Scotland. 1882; reprint, Westminster, Md.: Willow Bend Books, 1996.

Wales

  • Bardsley, Charles Waring Endell. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1980.

  • Beginning Genealogical Research for England and Wales. By Mark Howells.
     
  • Browning, Charles H. Welsh Settlement of Pennsylvania. Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield Company, Inc., 2007, 1912.

  • Burke, Arthur Meredyth. Key to the Ancient Parish Registers of England & Wales. Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield, 1989, 1908.
     
  • Family Relatives. The website is dedicated to the research of forebears from England & Wales. The site includes all known Civil Registration Index images from 1837 to 2003. Also there is a fully searchable database for Births, Marriages and Deaths from 1866 to 1920 as well as 1984 to 2003 – over 73 years in all.
     
  • FamilySearch. Has a transcription of the 1881 English and Welsh Census.
     
  • Federal Records Center (FRC). Is jointly run by the General Records Office (GRO) and The National Archives (TNA). It maintains the index books for the civil registrations of England and Wales.
     
  • FreeCEN. Indexed transcriptions of the 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871 and 1891 English and Welsh Censuses.
     
  • Gravett, Christopher. The Castles of Edward I in Wales 1277-1307.  Osprey Publishing, 2007.
     
  • Ifans, Dafydd, ed. Cofrestri Anghydffurfiol Cymru; Nonconformist Registers of Wales. Aberystwyth: National Library of Wales, 1994.
     
  • Istance, Jean, and E. E. Cann. Researching Family History in Wales. Birmingham, England: Federation of Family History Societies/Association of the Family History Societies of Wales, 1996.

  • Lewis, Samuel. Topographical Dictionary of Wales. 1833. Helpful for the description of the communities and in identifying the hundreds in which the parishes are located as land records. Arranged by hundred and then by parish.

  • Rawlins, Bert J. The Parish Churches and Nonconformist Chapels of Wales: Their Records and Where to Find Them. Volume One: Cardigan -- Carmarthen -- Pembroke. Salt Lake City: Celtic Heritage Press, 1987. Helpful in researching in southwest Wales.
     
  • Rogers, Colin Darlington. The Family Tree Detective: A Manual for Analysing and Solving Genealogical Problems in England and Wales, 1538 to the Present Day. Manchester?: Manchester University Press, 1983.

  • Rogers, Colin Darlington. Tracing Your English Ancestors: A Manual for Analyzing and Solving Genealogical Problems in England and Wales, 1538 to the Present Day. Manchester; New York: Manchester University Press, 1989.
     
  • Rowlands, John, and Sheila Rowlands, editors. Second Stages in Researching Welsh Ancestry. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1999.
     
  • Rowlands, John, and Sheila Rowlands, editors. The Surnames of Wales for Family Historians and Others. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1996.
     
  • Rowlands, John, and Sheila Rowlands, editors. Welsh Family History: A Guide to Research. 2d edition. Birmingham, England: Federation of Family History Societies, 1993; Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1999.
     
  • St. Asaph 'Notitiae.' Lists of householders in the 1680s in the diocese of St. Asaph in Northeast Wales (Most of the counties of Denbighshire, Flintshire, and Montgomeryshire). From the National Library of Wales.
     
  • Williams, C. J., and J. Watts-Williams, editors. Cofrestri Plwyf Cymru/Parish Registers of Wales. Aberystwyth: National Library of Wales, 1986.